{fun facts}


Much folklore surrounds the Chihuahua breed. The ancient Aztec culture of Central America may have used the dogs for religious sacrifice, burying them with their dead masters so the person’s sins could be transferred to the dog. Some people believe the Chihuahua’s small warm body can be used to relieve stomach upset and arthritis, or to discourage asthma attacks! True or not, the stories show the Chihuahua has long been a cherished companion.



Country of Origin: The Chihuahua (affectionately called 'Chi') may descend either from tiny, hairless Chinese dogs or the South American 'Techichi', a favored pet which was buried with the deceased in the hope they would lead the way to the afterlife. Modern Chihuahuas hail from Chihuahua, Mexico. They are the smallest dog breed and the oldest North American breed. They rocketed to popularity in the U.S when famous Latin musician Xavier Cugat made a Chihuahua his constant public companion, and remain extremely popular to this day. Famous Chihuahuas include the Taco Bell Chihuahua, Ren from 'Ren and Stimpy', and Ducky, the 2007 ‘Guinness Book of World Records’ winner for ‘World's Smallest Living Dog’.


Size: The Chihuahua has a shoulder height of 15-23 cm (6-9 in) and weighs 1-3 kg (2-5.5 lbs). Chihuahuas have an apple shaped head with a short, pointy muzzle, large erect ears, and tiny feet. The tail may curve over the back or side. There are also chihuahuas commonly reffered to as deer head also; they have longer skinny legs and a slimmer well defined head with a longer muzzle.


Coat: The Chihuahua can have a long or short coat. A variety of colors are acceptable, including sand, chocolate, silver, chestnut, and blue. A variety of patterns including sable and masks are also possible. The variety of possibilities makes classification difficult.


Character: Chihuahuas are intelligent, graceful, and sometimes too brave for their own good. They usually bond with only one person and become highly devoted, frequently kissing the owner's face (with or without approval). The Chihuahua is reserved around strangers, and may attempt to defend their owner, usually with little effect. Chihuahuas are tenacious, proud, and very energetic.


Temperament: Chihuahuas can usually live with other dogs and cats without problem. They get along particularly well with other Chihuahuas. It is important to socialize the Chihuahua as a puppy to prevent overt aggressiveness. Small children may regard the Chihuahua as a toy, and their teasing can cause it to snap or bite. It is preferable not to leave the Chihuahua with children under the age of 12, unless they are well taught or supervised.


Care: Chihuahuas require regular grooming with a brush and comb for their long coat. The Chihuahua’s claws must be kept trimmed, and its teeth must be checked frequently for tartar buildup. Chihuahuas get cold easily and should be kept in a warm environment. The small nose may cause wheezing or snoring. The Chihuahua should not be overfed. There is typically a soft spot on the top of the skull; this is normal and is usually closed by adulthood. The Chihuahua has a long life span at 14-18 years.


Training: Although they are usually not trained because of their small size, Chihuahuas are eager to learn. The Chihuahua may require patience and effort to housebreak; for this reason they are sometimes only paper trained.


Activity: Chihuahuas can usually get all the exercise they need by running around indoors. If the dog becomes overweight it should be allowed to walk rather than carried from room to room. Chihuahuas may be taken for short walks but are not an outdoorsy breed.



To control your Chihuahua’s barking habits, you should first try to understand why your Chihuahua pet is misbehaving.



4 Reasons why Chihuahuas may Bark Unnecessarily:


1. The Chihuahuas are an over-possessive breed of dog. They have immense dedication and affection for their owners. This often leads to aggressiveness towards strangers.


2. Dogs, in general, enjoy human company. Owners who follow busy daily schedules often keep their dogs confined in their apartments. Keeping them in seclusion for long hours might trigger certain disorders in canines.


3. Chihuahuas have a habit of intimidating bigger dogs. Excessive barking is a manifestation of this habit and this often invites trouble for them when they get mauled by these bigger dogs.


4. Confining dogs to crates and keeping them on leash for a long time might infuriate them. Dogs dislike confinement and they bark ceaselessly to call their owners’ attention and to set themselves free.


Chihuahuas are very intelligent dogs and if handled properly, they are easily trainable. Every Chihuahua owner should try to impart training to the Dog – to make it an obedient, well behaved and social pet. And by early socialization, handling separation anxiety in an effective way, you will be able to control your Chihuahua's barking and even other bad behavior like biting, chewing, digging, nipping at your feet etc.



Chihuahuas are listed in the American Kennel Club (AKC) breed standard as belonging to the Toy category. The Chihuahuas are Classified as two varieties: Long-coat & Smooth-coat. These two varieties are to be the exact same except for the coat length.

Male Chihuahua's will usually tend to average about 6-9 inches tall while female Chihuahua's will tend to average usually around 6-8 inches tall.

The Chihuahua's should normally weigh between 3 to 6 pounds but many Chihuahuas grow up to 10 -12 pounds or larger. Some will be under the 3 pounds. It is these undersized "runts" that are used by some unscrupulous breeders and then using some cutesy phrase as a selling ploy .... Some of these cutesy phrases are: Teacup Chihuahuas, Miniature Chihuahuas, Pocket Chihuahuas, or Standard Chihuahuas.


These unscrupulous breeders will charge exorbitant prices for these undersized puppies. For showing purposes and according to the A.K.C., breed standard, there is only ONE Chihuahua breed. They do come in the two coat varieties but not in different weight
categories. Whatever their weight, they are simply called a Chihuahua.








In the United States, The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes 21 canine Toy breeds, or breeds of diminutive stature. The term “teacup dog” is not a breed, but slang for an undersized dog from one of these groups, most commonly the Chihuahua. Teacup dogs are small enough to fit in a teacup, giving rise to the name. Often the term is used loosely to drive up the price of a puppy, as some people find the extremely small size desirable. In reality, “teacup dogs” often have special medical needs, health issues, and tend to have shorter lifespans than their normal-sized brothers and sisters.

One commonly found medical problem among teacup dogs is hydrocephalus, or “water on the brain.” Fluids build in the brain, causing pressure against the skull. Often a teacup dog suffering from this condition will have bulging eyes and a stressed appearance. It might also be “wobbly,” having difficulty walking or holding its head steady, though these symptoms aren’t always present. There is no cure for this condition, but when it occurs in humans, a shunt is placed in the brain to drain the fluids into another point in the body where it can be flushed by natural processes.

While any dog can be a victim of hydrocephalus, it is more common among teacup dogs. A teacup dog might also have thin, weak bones, blood sugar disorders and other medical problems arising from unfavorable genetic factors.

One reason for the problems associated with these tiny dogs is that many are the result of mating two runts to produce very small offspring. Runts, while deserving of a good life, often have medical issues that, when bred with another runt (or even a healthy dog), weaken the offspring and breed rather than strengthen it. A “teacup dog” can sell for upwards of $1,000 US Dollars (USD), providing a strong financial incentive to "backyard breeders" and puppy mills to purposely breed dogs that are not genetically fit. By placing a demand on this market, consumers unwittingly encourage this practice of turning out compromised dogs, many of which live their lives with numerous problems that ultimately lead to exorbitant vet bills and shortened life spans.

This is not to say that a healthy “teacup dog” cannot be bred. You might find that rare breeder who has taken the considerable time, effort and money to carefully breed very healthy dogs starting from a lineage of champions, choosing from the smaller of those litters successively to reduce the size of the dog without resorting to breeding runts or introducing medical problems into the offspring. Most teacups found on the market would not qualify for AKC papering, while reputable breeders are generally concerned with improving standards by breeding papered pedigrees and champions.

If a teacup dog is desired, perhaps the best thing to do for the breed and your wallet is to contact a local reputable breeder and request a very small puppy from one of their litters. Ask for and verify pedigree or champion lines, though if you want actual papers this will cost extra and isn't required unless you plan to show the dog. Even acquiring the "runt" from such a litter should have far fewer genetic risks and, providing it is healthy at birth, should fare better in the long run with a higher chance of living a long, healthy life than the average "teacup dog" found elsewhere.

Many people mistakenly believe small dogs like Chihuahuas are safe for children because they won’t pose a threat. Chihuahuas in particular are a poor choice for children because they have a tendency to be snippy and protective. Small children can also unintentionally hurt a tiny dog. A teacup dog is even more vulnerable and can easily be harmed or even killed by dropping it or mishandling it, falling on it, or stepping on it. Instead, the teacup dog is ideally placed in an adult home with someone who will dote on it, such as a senior citizen or person who works from home.


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